What You Need To Know About Hybrid Vehicles


Hybrid vehicles are known as hybrids because they use both a small internal combustion engine (ICE) along with an electric motor to acquire maximum power and fuel economy with minimum emissions. How they do this differs from one model to another, with varying success.

What all hybrids share is the opportunity to generate electric current, store it within a large battery, and use that current to aid drive the vehicle. Hybrids capture electrical energy manufactured by a regenerative braking system, and their engines can power a generator, too. Hybrids can also conserve energy by shutting down the ICE once the vehicle is in Park, idling at a light, or stopped in traffic, or if the electric motor’s energy is sufficient to drive your vehicle without aid from the ICE.

Hybrids have regenerative braking systems that generate electrical power to help keep the batteries charged. When the driver applies the brakes, the electrical motor turns into a generator, as well as the magnetic drag slows the automobile down. For safety, however, there is also a normal hydraulic braking system that will stop the vehicle when regenerative braking isn’t sufficient. There’s no difference in maintenance or repair except that the brake pads tend to last much longer simply because they don’t get used just as much. In the event you drive a hybrid within a moderate manner, you rarely actually utilize the disc brakes on the wheels and just might go the lifespan of the car without changing pads, in reality. The big difference is that regenerative brakes capture energy and turn it into electricity to charge battery that provides capacity to an electric motor.

Parallel hybrids

A parallel hybrid uses both an electric motor and an ICE for propulsion. They can run in tandem, or one can be used as the primary power source together with the other kicking in to assist when extra power is essential for starting off, climbing hills, and accelerating to pass other vehicles. They’re believed to run “in parallel.?, because both are linked to the drive train?

How a parallel hybrid works.

How a parallel hybrid works.

Series hybrids

A series hybrid uses a gasoline or diesel ICE, coupled with a generator, to generate electricity yet not to drive the auto. The engine can send the electric current directly to the electric motor or charge a huge battery that stores the electricity and delivers it to an motor unit on-demand. The electric motor propels the vehicle, using its capability to rotate a driveshaft or a set of drive axles that turn the wheels.

A series hybrid.

A series hybrid.

Plug-in hybrids

They have the capacity to extend the capacity of the electric motor to drive the vehicle farther without resorting to starting the ICE and thus substantially boost the vehicle’s fuel efficiency, because plug-in hybrids feature larger batteries that may be charged at any ordinary 110-volt electrical socket. Estimates have ranged as high as 100 mpg!

Some technologically savvy individuals have adapted their hybrid vehicles into plug-in hybrids, and automakers are along the way of producing and developing them (sometimes in cooperation with major utility companies). The growth ofsmaller and new, high-capacity lithium-ion batteries that can be recharged often times is the key to creating plug-in hybrids available to most people. Prior to the charge is depleted along with the vehicle reverts to standard hybrid mode, estimates are that plug-in hybrids equipped with these better batteries will have a range of around 125 miles.

A plug-in hybrid.

A plug-in hybrid.

The electric current they draw is usually generated by utility companies powered by fossil fuels. That’s the primary environmental issue with plug-in hybrids. The good news is that some major chains have committed to establishing charging stations powered by solar panels or wind energy, and many hybrid owners are willing to install solar power panels to recharge these vehicles at home. Will still need it for long trips, climbing hills, and so forth, even though plug-in hybrids charged by commercial sources of electricity or solar energy panels will be less dependent on the ICE. Future hybrids could use a small fuel cell to help make electricity from hydrogen, which may mean the ICE would be required to run much less frequently.

Two-mode hybrids

Two-mode hybrids might be the key to a competitive spot for the Usa in the hybrid market. Rather than large storage battery located on conventional hybrids, two-mode hybrids use smaller batteries as well as two electric motors located inside an automatic transmission with two sets of gears – one for the ICE and the other to amplify the power of the electrical motors. The transmission can function as a continuously variable transmission, as well. In one mode, at lower speeds, the automobile can run with one or both electric motors, with or without the ICE, or on the ICE alone. At higher speeds, the second mode kicks in, and the ICE runs continuously in its higher gear ratios.

A two-mode hybrid.

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